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I'm thinking about adopting — Key facts

  • To become an adoptive parent you must be a resident of Ontario.
  • A diverse range of Ontarians can become adoptive parents. Single individuals, couples, including same-sex couples, and people from diverse cultural backgrounds make up a broad range of Ontarians who become adoptive parents. Having the desire and being capable of providing a safe, loving home for a child is one of the most important criteria for becoming an adoptive parent.
  • In Canada, provincial law regulates adoption. This means that the rules for adopting a child in Ontario are different than the rules to adopt in other provinces or territories.
  • There are several ways you can adopt a child in Ontario. Public, private and international adoptions in Ontario are governed by the Ministry of Children and Youth Services through legislation. In Ontario, there are two pieces of legislation that apply to adoption:
    • The Child and Family Services Act
      The act sets the rules for the adoption of children who are living in Ontario. It also regulates the adoption of children from other provinces or other countries, when their adoptions are finalized in an Ontario court.
    • Intercountry Adoption Act, 1998
      The act sets out requirements that must be satisfied in Ontario for adoptions that will be finalized in other countries.
  • Prospective adoptive parents in Ontario – including those choosing the route of private or international adoptions – are required to:
    1. Participate in a SAFE homestudy to assess the suitability of your family and your living environment to provide a child with a permanent home.
    2. Undergo an extensive training program – referred to as PRIDE – to better prepare you for the responsibilities of welcoming and raising your adopted child.

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