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Organization of the Report

The report is organized into ten chapters, each one centered on a significant theme that emerged through the Panel’s review process and consultations. Each chapter describes the current situation, articulates issues based on evidence from materials, consultations and jurisdictional reviews where applicable, and concludes with the implications of these issues on the recommendations put forth in the final section of this report. The chapters are organized to flow from themes that impact all young people in residential care across all sectors, to those that particularly affect specific populations. The chapters are:

  1. Governance – a focus on the structures and mechanisms that affect the oversight of, accountability for, and service delivery of residential services.

  2. Voice – a focus on the fundamental importance of youth voice, engagement and participation in all aspects of residential service provision.

  3. Quality of Care – a focus on the need for quality to be the foundation of service delivery and experience, and governance of residential care.

  4. Continuity of Care - a focus on the need to look at residential care as a journey that requires continuity of care, a focus on transitions, and an overall perspective of the trajectory of care over time, both at the individual and system levels.

  5. Data and Information – a focus on the data needs and analytical capacity required to evaluate how young people are doing in residential care.

  6. Human Resources – a focus on the need to ensure that those tasked with caring for vulnerable young people are best equipped to do so.

  7. Youth Justice – a focus on issues and opportunities in the secure and open custody and detention sector specifically.

  8. First Nations, Métis and Inuit Young People In Residential Care – a discussion about the importance of ensuring that a specific partnership strategy be considered regarding residential care in an Aboriginal context.

  9. Unique Contexts and Geographies - a focus on how residential care intersects with young people who identify their life context in unique ways, such as young people who identify as Black Youth, as Lesbian, Gay, Bi-Sexual, Transgender, Queer, or 2-spirited (LGBTQ2S), and those who have been identified by the system as having complex special needs. The issue of young people recruited into the Sex Trades is a component of this chapter, as is the impact of unique geographies on residential services and care.

  10. Service and Outcome Indicators – an identification of key indicators related to the evaluation of service providers, everyday experiences, and long term outcomes of young people living in out-of-home care.

The final section of the report is a Recommendations Package which includes recommendations that flow from the themes identified across all chapters, a perspective on the way in which implementation of recommendations can be phased, and the financial considerations associated with the recommendations collectively. The report concludes with the Panel’s Call to Action.