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Permanency

In cases where a child or youth cannot remain safely in their home due to protection concerns, the child or youth may be placed in the care of a children’s aid society (CAS). If a child cannot return to their family, the CAS works to find a permanent, safe home for the child, ideally in a family setting.

CASs are reporting on two permanency performance indicators:

  1. the days of care, by placement type
  2. the time to permanency

The days of care, by placement type

This performance indicator measures the number of days of care provided to children in the care of a CAS in a fiscal year by placement type. It compares care in a family-based setting with care in a group care setting.

Placements included in the “family-based” category include placement with a foster family, placement with kin and placement with a prospective adoptive family before the adoption is finalized. Group care is when a child or youth is cared for in a children’s residence, also known as a group home. The “other” category includes youth who are in care but living independently. It also includes children and youth cared for in settings such as hospitals, children’s mental health centres or youth justice facilities.

The Percentage of Days of Care, by Placement Type
Year Family-based Group care Other
2010-11 77% 15% 8%
2011-12 77% 15% 8%
2012-13 78% 14% 8%
2013-14 79% 13% 8%
2014-15 80% 12% 8%

The data shows that the majority of days of care provided are in a family-based setting.

The time to permanency

This performance indicator measures the time it takes for children and youth in care to leave care. A child leaves care when a permanency plan is in place or they turn 18 years of age. Permanent living arrangements include reunification with a parent or guardian, kinship service, legal custody and adoption.

The Percentage of Children Who Leave Care From the Time of Admission
Year By 12 Months By 24 Months By 36 Months
2010-11 62% 76% 85%
2011-12 63% 77% 86%
2012-13 64% 78% 87%
2013-14 62% 77%
2014-15 64%

The data shows that the majority of children who come into the care of a CAS leave care within 12 months and move on to a permanent arrangement.

Importance of these indicators

Research shows that the outcomes for children in care are improved when they grow up in stable, healthy family-based settings.

Permanency promotes healthy development, encourages continuity in relationships and a sense of community and identity.

About the data

  • Children and youth in customary care arrangements supervised by CASs are not included in this data. Customary care is the care of a First Nations child by a person who is not the child’s parent, according to the custom of the child’s band or native community. A CAS pays a subsidy to the person caring for the child. Work is underway to reflect customary care in this data set in future years.
  • This information is based on data from 45 CASs (for the days of care) and 38 CASs (for the time to permanency).

Performance indicators by individual CASs

The days of care, by placement type

This information shows five years of data on the percentage of days of care, by placement type, by individual CAS.

There are a number of reasons why CASs select a placement for children. Placements are selected upon consideration of the best interests of the child, including a variety of factors. This can include the child’s particular needs and the availability of placements.

CASs that were not yet designated as a CAS or did not have any children in care for the reporting time period will not have data available.

The data shows that the majority of days of care provided are in a family-based setting.

The Percentage of Days of Care, by Placement Type
CAS Name 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
Family Group Other Family Group Other Family Group Other Family Group Other Family Group Other
Akwesasne Child and Family Services 79.40% 11.30% 9.30% 82.80% 14.40% 2.60%
Anishinaabe Abinoojii Family Services 85.6% 1.31% 1.40% 84.4% 14.7% 0.90% 82.8% 15.8% 1.40% 81.9% 16.3% 1.80% 79.9% 18.6% 1.5%
Brant Family and Children's Services 83.50% 6.10% 10.4% 87.4% 4.50% 8.10% 88.0% 3.30% 8.70% 89.1% 2.40% 8.50% 90.2% 2.70% 7.10%
Bruce Grey Child and Family Services 90.6% 3.50% 5.90% 90.4% 4.60% 5.00% 85.6% 5.00% 9.40% 85.50% 1.70% 12.80% 86.5% 1.90% 11.5%
Catholic Children's Aid Society of Hamilton 85.10% 9.80% 5.10% 84.30% 11.10% 4.60% 84.30% 10.80% 4.90% 83.60% 11.70% 4.70% 86.1% 10.4% 3.5%
Catholic Children's Aid Society of Toronto 66.50% 24.10% 9.40% 67.10% 24.90% 8.00% 66.50% 26.10% 7.40% 68.20% 23.30% 8.60% 69.0% 22.7% 8.4%
Chatham-Kent Children's Services 77.90% 18.90% 3.20% 84.10% 13.30% 2.60% 83.40% 12.10% 4.40% 84.70% 11.10% 4.20% 84.4% 9.90% 5.70%
Children's Aid Society of Hamilton 82.60% 9.20% 8.10% 84.30% 8.50% 7.10% 86.60% 8.10% 8.50% 85.70% 8.70% 5.60% 84.4% 9.00% 6.60%
Children's Aid Society of London and Middlesex 71.40% 19.10% 9.40% 73.40% 17.50% 9.10% 73.50% 17.70% 8.90% 72.70% 18.70% 8.70% 75.5% 18.8% 5.70%
Children's Aid Society of Algoma 88.10% 10.10% 1.80% 89.8% 9.10% 1.10% 90.30% 9.00% 0.70% 90.50% 8.50% 1.00% 90.2% 8.90% 0.90%
Children's Aid Society of Haldimand-Norfolk 83.70% 6.20% 10.20% 83.90% 4.60% 11.40% 84.10% 4.20% 11.60% 83.80% 4.50% 11.70% 83.40% 5.40% 11.20%
Children's Aid Society of Ottawa 75.6% 16.4% 8.1% 75.20% 16.2% 8.60% 77.5% 14.70% 7.70% 79.4% 12.7% 7.90% 78.50% 13.20% 8.30%
Children's Aid Society of Oxford County 83.10% 10.00% 6.90% 86.90% 8.20% 4.90% 85.00% 8.20% 6.80% 83.20% 6.80% 10.0% 88.10% 5.00% 6.90%
Children's Aid Society of the County of Simcoe 79.80% 10.40% 9.80% 81.50% 11.10% 7.40% 82.70% 11.20% 6.10% 83.60% 9.60% 6.80%
Children's Aid Society of the District of Thunder Bay 88.70% 6.30% 5.00% 88.30% 6.30% 5.40% 85.50% 5.50% 9.00% 86.30% 6.40% 7.30% 81.20% 8.30% 10.60%
Children's Aid Society of the Districts of Nipissing and Parry Sound 86.30% 4.20% 9.50% 86.30% 6.50% 7.20% 91.00% 4.20% 4.80% 90.30% 3.30% 6.30% 92.40% 2.50% 5.10%
Children's Aid Society of the Districts of Sudbury and Manitoulin 83.00% 10.90% 6.10% 84.30% 11.60% 4.10% 84.00% 11.20% 4.90% 86.80% 8.80% 4.50% 88.40% 6.50% 5.00%
Children's Aid Society of the United Counties of Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry 78.50% 12.90% 8.60% 82.10% 10.50% 7.50% 82.10% 9.70% 8.10% 79.50% 5.20% 15.30% 79.70% 1.50% 18.80%
Children's Aid Society of Toronto 68.10% 20.40% 11.50% 68.20% 19.30% 12.50% 70.20% 18.40% 11.40% 70.00% 18.80% 11.20% 75.70% 13.40% 10.90%
Dilico Anishinabek Family Care 87.10% 4.00% 8.90% 82.70% 5.10% 12.20% 71.10% 5.80% 23.10% 89.30% 5.20% 5.50% 68.30% 11.90% 19.80%
Dufferin Child and Family Services 79.20% 15.60% 5.10% 63.40% 23.70% 12.80% 53.80% 30.60% 15.60% 53.90% 27.70% 18.40% 66.60% 25.10% 8.30%
Durham Children's Aid Society 69.80% 21.80% 8.40% 75.20% 16.90% 7.90% 75.90% 18.50% 5.60% 77.70% 15.70% 6.60% 77.70% 14.00% 9.00%
Family and Children's Services of Guelph and Wellington County 79.10% 6.50% 14.40% 82.50% 7.90% 9.60% 87.80% 4.40% 7.80% 88.20% 4.70% 7.80% 88.00% 5.60% 6.40%
Family and Children's Services of St. Thomas and Elgin County 78.50% 7.30% 14.20% 79.40% 8.20% 12.30% 83.50% 5.90% 10.60% 80.40% 0.30% 19.30% 78.80% 0.00% 21.10%
Family and Children's Services of the Waterloo Region 73.60% 22.70% 3.70% 76.90% 19.90% 3.20% 76.10% 20.50% 3.40% 77.90% 18.30% 3.80% 78.00% 18.20% 3.80%
Family and Children's Services Niagara 76.10% 15.50% 8.40% 77.00% 13.30% 9.70% 78.10% 13.80% 8.00% 79.00% 14.10% 6.90% 78.10% 12.80% 9.10%
Family and Children's Services of Frontenac, Lennox and Addington 81.50% 13.10% 5.40% 80.50% 13.10% 6.40% 77.10% 14.50% 8.40% 82.10% 10.70% 7.20% 82.10% 10.70% 7.20%
Family and Children's Services of Lanark, Leeds and Grenville 83.60% 10.50% 5.90% 80.50% 11.60% 7.90% 80.80% 13.20% 6.00% 86.80% 6.40% 6.70% 83.40% 6.60% 10.10%
Family and Children's Services of Renfrew County 87.40% 8.30% 4.30% 88.10% 7.80% 4.10% 84.20% 7.70% 8.00% 80.90% 6.60% 12.60% 80.10% 4.90% 15.00%
Family, Youth and Child Services of Muskoka 79.70% 8.90% 11.40% 83.00% 9.90% 7.10% 88.00% 5.70% 6.30% 89.40% 6.50% 4.20% 80.20% 16.00% 3.80%
Halton Children's Aid Society 73.10% 15.80% 11.10% 71.50% 16.60% 11.90% 75.30% 18.40% 6.40% 79.60% 17.30% 3.00% 74.70% 22.40% 2.80%
Highland Shores Children's Aid 82.40% 12.20% 5.50% 82.70% 12.30% 5.00% 77.70% 14.40% 7.90% 74.80% 18.40% 7.50% 76.20% 17.20% 6.60%
Huron Perth Children's Aid Society 79.00% 16.10% 4.90% 82.70% 13.80% 3.50% 89.40% 7.70% 2.90% 83.80% 12.40% 3.70% 80.20% 16.70% 3.10%
Jewish Family and Child Service of Greater Toronto 57.50% 32.30% 10.20% 54.40% 33.90% 11.70% 43.90% 42.30% 13.90% 47.10% 41.90% 11.00% 64.20% 24.40% 11.40%
Kawartha-Haliburton Children's Aid Society 84.50% 7.70% 7.90% 85.00% 7.40% 7.60% 83.00% 7.20% 9.80% 82.80% 10.40% 6.90% 84.60% 8.30% 7.10%
Kenora-Rainy River Districts Child and Family Services 90.00% 6.00% 4.00% 88.40% 8.70% 2.90% 88.10% 7.30% 4.50% 90.10% 8.30% 1.60% 87.60% 8.50% 3.90%
Native Child and Family Services of Toronto 76.90% 15.00% 8.10% 77.30% 14.50% 8.20% 77.40% 14.10% 8.50% 83.20% 11.80% 5.10% 88.40% 7.70% 4.00%
North Eastern Ontario Family and Children's Services 77.90% 10.70% 11.40% 77.90% 8.30% 13.80% 77.40% 9.10% 13.60% 73.80% 10.20% 16.00% 70.20% 11.00% 18.90%
Payukotayno James and Hudson Bay Family Services 64.20% 35.10% 0.70% 54.60% 34.00% 11.40% 78.50% 16.40% 5.00% 79.70% 16.80% 3.50% 75.00% 23.00% 2.00%
Peel Children's Aid Society 69.80% 21.80% 8.40% 69.70% 21.40% 8.90% 71.00% 21.20% 7.80% 72.20% 19.50% 8.20% 72.8% 21.80% 5.40%
Sarnia-Lambton Children's Aid Society 72.50% 22.50% 5.00% 72.50% 23.80% 3.70% 72.90% 15.40% 11.70% 81.50% 9.50% 9.00% 80.90% 6.80% 12.40%
Tikinagan Child and Family Services 81.00% 10.00% 9.00% 82.00% 11.00% 7.00% 78.00% 14.00% 8.00% 83.00% 8.00% 9.00% 80.00% 10.00% 10.00%
Valoris for Children and Adults of Prescott-Russell 87.10% 2.10% 10.80% 86.50% 2.70% 10.70% 83.20% 2.90% 13.90% 79.70% 7.40% 12.90% 77.30% 9.30% 13.40%
Weechi-it-te-win Family Services 92.80% 5.80% 1.40% 95.90% 2.90% 1.20% 96.90% 2.20% 0.90% 97.70% 1.80% 0.50% 97.90% 1.40% 0.70%
Windsor-Essex Children's Aid Society 67.60% 23.20% 9.30% 67.80% 23.80% 8.50% 73.60% 19.20% 7.20% 80.50% 12.20% 7.30% 84.20% 9.00% 6.80%
York Region Children's Aid Society 76.50% 11.30% 12.20% 73.40% 11.90% 14.60% 74.60% 14.00% 11.40% 78.40% 16.00% 5.60% 79.60% 12.80% 7.60%

The time to permanency

This information shows five years of data on the percentage of children who leave care from the time of admission, by individual CAS.

The time it takes for a CAS to find a permanent arrangement for a child varies based on a number of factors, including the child’s particular needs.

For technical reasons, some CASs were unable to provide all of their results as of the posting date, and are continuing the work to do so. Sufficient time has not yet lapsed for results to be available for the following: 36 months for children admitted in 2013-14, and 24 to 36 months for children admitted in 2014-15.

For CASs using the Child Protection Information Network (CPIN), 2014-15 results marked with an asterisk indicate that results reflect the 12 month period immediately following the CAS’s implementation of CPIN, which may not line up with the fiscal year.

The data shows that the majority of children that come into the care of a CAS leave care within 12 months and move onto a permanent arrangement.

The Time to Permanency
CAS Name 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15
By 12 months By 24 months By 36 months By 12 months By 24 months By 36 months By 12 months By 24 months By 36 months By 12 months By 24 months By 36 months By 12 months By 24 months By 36 months
Anishinaabe Abinoojii Family Services 55.20% 64.60% 72.90% 46.50% 72.40% 77.20% 62.40% 76.20% 80.70% 59.80% 75.20% 61.5%
Akwesasne Child and Family Services
Brant Family and Children's Services 51.50% 62.30% 70.80% 69.10% 83.60% 86.40% 57.60% 73.40% 82.7% 50.00% 69.60% 48.00%
Bruce Grey Child and Family Services 64.50% 78.50% 100.00% 48.40% 71.60% 80.20% 63.60% 84.10% 87.50% 50.00% 70.80% 49.10%
Catholic Children's Aid Society of Hamilton 54.90% 76.20% 89.30% 53.70% 69.10% 85.80% 59.10% 76.00% 87.00% 55.10% 74.50% 43.80%
Catholic Children's Aid Society of Toronto 55.10% 72.90% 81.60% 54.60% 71.20% 78.30% 57.70% 72.70% 61.00%
Chatham-Kent Children's Services 67.30% 82.70% 89.10% 56.80% 69.50% 78.00% 66.70% 79.30% 88.70% 72.10% 85.60% 69.60%
Children's Aid Society of Hamilton 60.80% 74.90% 85.50% 51.10% 63.80% 81.70% 59.20% 75.40% 75.40% 64.30% 77.50% 61.30%
Children's Aid Society of London and Middlesex 54.20% 70.50% 80.60% 56.00% 73.00% 86.20% 57.70% 73.70% 85.40% 58.50% 80.10% 58.70%
Children's Aid Society of Algoma 75.90% 85.00% 89.50% 61.20% 77.00% 86.30% 70.30% 83.50% 92.60% 66.70% 79.10% 50.30%
Children's Aid Society of Haldimand-Norfolk 49.70% 67.10% 79.70% 55.60% 73.90% 80.30% 50.00% 66.30% 74.4% 62.00% 77.50% 45.50%
Children's Aid Society of Ottawa 63.70% 81.70% 89.90% 67.00% 83.30% 91.20% 67.10% 83.00% 91.00% 65.40% 80.10% 64.50%
Children's Aid Society of Oxford County 58.10% 68.80% 74.20% 63.00% 84.00% 95.10% 70.20% 74.60% 77.60% 75.00% 84.20% 70.00%
Children's Aid Society of the County of Simcoe *52.00%
Children's Aid Society of the District of Thunder Bay 46.10% 57.30% 68.50% 73.30% 75.20% 84.80% 62.90% 77.10% 85.70% 70.50% 76.90% 66.00%
Children's Aid Society of the Districts of Nipissing and Parry Sound 79.20% 82.60% 86.80% 62.70% 75.40% 77.60% 74.20% 83.30% 90.20% 66.70% 79.00% 75.60%
Children's Aid Society of the Districts of Sudbury and Manitoulin 64.60% 77.50% 83.70% 59.80% 72.00% 77.80% 69.90% 79.50% 92.70% 64.30% 79.10% 78.10%
Children's Aid Society of the United Counties of Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry
Children's Aid Society of Toronto 59.00% 75.80% 86.30% 63.90% 75.50% 85.10% 63.20% 74.70% 58.00%
Dilico Anishinabek Family Care 81.90% 86.10% 89.90% 73.80% 81.90% 85.20% 64.70% 77.50% 82.30% 72.90% 84.80% 74.70%
Dufferin Child and Family Services 59.60% 76.60% 91.50% 68.40% 76.30% 81.60% 78.80% 84.90% 93.9% 72.70% 78.80% 65.40%
Durham Children's Aid Society 52.80% 67.60% 80.60% 63.30% 79.10% 86.30% 62.00% 79.50% 90.60% 58.70% 70.70% 54.60%
Family and Children's Services of Guelph and Wellington County 55.10% 75.40% 82.60% 54.80% 68.80% 81.70% 48.80% 67.10% 68.30% 55.60% 81.90% 42.90%
Family and Children's Services of St. Thomas and Elgin County 60.40% 67.70% 83.30% 71.70% 85.90% 97.00% 58.00% 72.70% 83.00% 68.50% 79.50% 65.00%
Family and Children's Services of the Waterloo Region 58.70% 78.80% 86.80% 74.60% 86.10% 94.20% 74.40% 82.10% 90.30% 62.60% 78.20% 66.70%
Family and Children's Services Niagara 60.80% 75.50% 83.70% 55.90% 74.00% 84.40% 63.30% 78.90% 86.50% 53.60% 70.40% 72.50%
Family and Children's Services of Frontenac, Lennox and Addington 61.70% 80.30% 86.00% 55.40% 72.00% 84.40% 60.90% 74.80% 83.50% 56.70% 78.40% 64.30%
Family and Children's Services of Lanark, Leeds and Grenville 55.00% 76.00% 81.60% 49.10% 65.80% 76.30% 53.10% 72.80% 86.50% 43.30% 62.70% 53.60%
Family and Children's Services of Renfrew County *70.30%
FamilyYouth and Child Services of Muskoka
Halton Children's Aid Society 62.10% 75.90% 81.00% 67.90% 83.90% 59.10% *73.50%
Highland Shores Children's Aid 69.40% 82.10% 90.40% 70.40% 85.60% 93.80% 65.00% 80.30% 89.40% 67.30% 81.40% 73.40%
Huron Perth Children's Aid Society 72.90% 86.40% 95.80% 75.40% 88.80% 91.80% 66.30% 82.50% 88.80% 69.20% 86.20% 65.00%
Jewish Family and Child Service of Greater Toronto
Kawartha-Haliburton Children's Aid Society 65.60% 80.80% 90.70% 73.40% 80.50% 89.10% 63.40% 77.90% 85.50% 64.50% 73.40% 70.30%
Kenora-Rainy River Districts Child and Family Services 78.00% 89.00% 94.00% 81.00% 89.00% 93.00% 81.00% 91.00% 94.00% 70.00% 84.60% 72.20%
Native Child and Family Services of Toronto 50.00% 71.20% 79.80% 53.60% 63.80% 72.50% 53.50% 62.80% 74.40% 44.60% 70.80% 56.30%
North Eastern Ontario Family and Children's Services 76.00% 87.00% 91.00% 69.00% 76.00% 89.00% 73.00% 84.00% 94.10% 65.00% 84.30% 79.60%
Payukotayno James and Hudson Bay Family Services 54.60% 69.70% 69.70% 73.30% 80.00% 82.20% 69.60% 89.30% 91.10% 47.90% 72.90% 87.50%
Peel Children's Aid Society 61.50% 76.60% 84.20% 61.20% 78.00% 86.70% 61.40% 80.90% 91.50% 68.20% 83.00% 66.80%
Sarnia-Lambton Children's Aid Society 60.20% 74.00% 84.60% 66.10% 85.50% 92.70% 66.30% 78.60% 88.80% 87.90% 97.00% 63.40%
Tikinagan Child and Family Services
Valoris for Children and Adults of Prescott-Russell
Weechi-it-te-win Family Services 59.00% 75.00% 82.00% 66.00% 76.00% 86.00% 62.00% 70.00% 79.00% 51.00% 65.00% 49.00%
Windsor-Essex Children's Aid Society
York Region Children's Aid Society 50.60% 65.10% 79.10% 58.30% 70.50% 79.90% 44.90% 59.90% 75.50% 53.40% 72.60% 46.90%