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Permanency

In cases where a child or youth cannot remain safely in their home due to protection concerns, the child or youth may be placed in the care of a children’s aid society. If a child cannot return to their family, the society works to find a permanent, safe home for the child, ideally in a family setting.

Societies are reporting on two permanency performance indicators:

  1. The days of care, by placement type
  2. The time to permanency

The days of care, by placement type

This performance indicator measures the number of days of care provided to children in the care of a society in a fiscal year by placement type. It compares care in a family-based setting with care in a group care setting.

Placements included in the “family-based” category include placement with a foster family, placement with kin and placement with a prospective adoptive family before the adoption is finalized. Group care is when a child or youth is cared for in a children’s residence, also known as a group home. The “other” category includes youth who are in care but living independently. It also includes children and youth cared for in settings such as hospitals, children’s mental health centres or youth justice facilities.

The Percentage of Days of Care, by Placement Type
Year Family-based Group care Other
2010-11 77% 15% 8%
2011-12 77% 15% 8%
2012-13 78% 14% 8%
2013-14 79% 13% 8%
2014-15 80% 12% 8%
2015-16 79% 13% 8%

The data shows that the majority of days of care provided are in a family-based setting.

The time to permanency

This performance indicator measures the time it takes for children and youth in care to leave care. A child leaves care when a permanency plan is in place or they turn 18 years of age. Permanent living arrangements include reunification with a parent or guardian, kinship service, legal custody and adoption.

The Percentage of Children Who Leave Care From the Time of Admission
Year By 12 Months By 24 Months By 36 Months
2010-11 62% 76% 85%
2011-12 63% 77% 86%
2012-13 64% 78% 86%
2013-14 63% 78% 85%
2014-15 64% 76%
2015-16 61%

The data shows that the majority of children who come into the care of a society leave care within 12 months and move on to a permanent arrangement.

Importance of these indicators

Research shows that the outcomes for children in care are improved when they grow up in stable, healthy family-based settings.

Permanency promotes healthy development, encourages continuity in relationships and a sense of community and identity.

About the data

  • Children and youth in customary care arrangements supervised by a society are not included in this data. Customary care is the care of a First Nations child by a person who is not the child’s parent, according to the custom of the child’s band or native community. A society pays a subsidy to the person caring for the child. Work is underway to reflect customary care in this data set in future years.
  • This information is based on data from up to 44 societies (for the days of care) and 37 societies (for the time to permanency).

Performance indicators by individual society

The days of care, by placement type

This information shows six years of data on the percentage of days of care, by placement type, by individual society.

There are a number of reasons why societies select a placement for children. Placements are selected upon consideration of the best interests of the child, including a variety of factors. This can include the child’s particular needs and the availability of placements.

Societies that were not yet designated as a society or did not have any children in care for the reporting time period will not have data available.

The data shows that the majority of days of care provided are in a family-based setting.

View the table

The time to permanency

This information shows six years of data on the percentage of children who leave care from the time of admission, by individual society.

The time it takes for a society to find a permanent arrangement for a child varies based on a number of factors, including the child’s particular needs.

For technical reasons, some societies were unable to provide all of their results as of the posting date, and are continuing the work to do so. Sufficient time has not yet lapsed for results to be available for the following: 36 months for children admitted in 2014-15, and 24 to 36 months for children admitted in 2015-16.

The data shows that the majority of children that come into the care of a society leave care within 12 months and move onto a permanent arrangement.

View the table