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Gearing Up

Endnotes

[1] Augimeri, L., Walsh, M., Woods, S., & Jiang, D. (2012). Risk Assessment and Clinical Risk Management for Young Antisocial Children: The Forgotten Group. Universitas Psychologica, 11(4), 1147-1156.

[2] Schonert-Reichl, K. A. (2007). Middle childhood inside and out: The psychological and social world of children ages 9 to 12. Burnaby, BC: United Way of the Lower Mainland.

[3] Ontario Autism Program Guidelines. Reference: Dunst, Carl J. (2011). Family-Centered Practices, Parent Engagement, and Parent and Family Functioning. Presentation prepared for the Head Start Advisory Committee Meeting of Parent, Family and Community Engagement.

[4] Ministry of Finance. (2017). Population Projections. 5. Ontario School Information System (OnSIS),

[5] October Submission: 2014-2015.

[6] Statistics Canada. (2011). National Household Survey.

[7] Ibid.

[8] Ibid.

[9] Ministry of Finance. (2017). Population Projections.

[10] Statistics Canada. (2011). National Household Survey. PUMF table calculations, age range 5-11 years old.

[11] Statistics Canada. (2011). National Household Survey.

[12] Smylie, J. (2009). Chapter 19: The health of Aboriginal peoples. In D. Raphael (Ed.), Social determinants of health: Canadian perspectives (2nd ed.), p. 280-304. Toronto, ON: Canadian Scholars’ Press Inc.

[13] Statistics Canada. (2012). Aboriginal Peoples Survey.

[14] Statistics Canada. (2011). National Household Survey.

[15] Ibid.

[16] Simard, E. (2017). Indigenous Wellbeing in the “Middle Years”: A Thematic Outline. Ontario, Canada. Institute for Culturally Restorative Practices.

[17] Statistics Canada. (2011). National Household Survey.

[18] Taylor, C., Peter, T., Campbell, C., Meyer, E., Ristock, J., & Short, D. (2015). The Every Teacher Project on LGBTQ-inclusive education in Canada’s K-12 schools: Final report. Winnipeg, MB: Manitoba Teachers’ Society.

[19] Statistics Canada. (2006). Census

[20] Lavoie, E., & Houle, R. (2015). Language practices of children in Francophone families living outside Quebec. Insights on Canadian Society, Statistics Canada. http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/75-006-x/2015001/article/14301-eng.pdf.

[21] Statistics Canada. (2008). “Participation and Activity Limitation Survey of 2006: A Profile of Education for Children with Disabilities in Canada.” http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/89-628-x/89-628-x2008004-eng.htm.

[22] Hanvey, L. (2006). Issues affecting the wellbeing of Canadian children in the middle years – 6 to 12: A discussion paper (A literature review). Washington, DC, USA: Middle Childhood Initiative of the National Children’s Alliance, 2006.

[23] Statistics Canada. (2006). Participation and Activity Limitation Survey, 2001.

[24] Statistics Canada. (2011). National Household Survey.

[25] American Psychological Association. (2013). Effects of poverty, hunger and homelessness on children and Youth. http://www.apa.org/pi/families/poverty.aspx.

[26] Statistics Canada. (2010). Canadian Community Health Survey.

[27] Statistics Canada. (2000/2001). National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth.

[28] Ontario Ministry of Children and Youth Services. (2016).

[29] Office of the Provincial Advocate for Children and Youth. (2012). My Real Life Book: Report from the Youth Leaving Care Hearings. http://www.provincialadvocate.on.ca/documents/en/ylc/YLCREPORT_ENG.pdf.

[30] Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (2013), Census 2011.

[31] Ontario Association of Children’s Aid Societies. (2011). Children’s Wellbeing: The Ontario Perspective. Child Welfare Report 2011. http://www.oacas.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/11childwelfarereporteng.pdf.

[32] Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. (2015). Honoring the Truth, Reconciling for the Future. Final Report. http://www.trc.ca/websites/trcinstitution/index.php?p=890.

[33] Ontario. (2016). The Journey Together, introduction: Ontario’s Commitment to Reconciliation with Indigenous Peoples.

[34] Chiefs of Ontario and the Ontario First Nations Young Peoples Council. Submission for the Child and Family Services Act, Review 2014/15 and Aboriginal Children and Youth Strategy, 2014.

[35] Ontario Federation of Indigenous Friendship Centres. (2012). Utility, Self-Voicing Access and Inter- Relationality Research Framework.

[36] Chiefs of Ontario and the Ontario First Nations Young Peoples Council. Submission for the Child and Family Services Act, Review 2014/15 and Aboriginal Children and Youth Strategy, 2014.

[37] Public Health Agency of Canada. Available at: http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/hp-ps/hl-mvs/oic-oac/econo-eng.php.

[38] Ontario’s Healthy Kids Panel. (2013). No Time to Wait: Healthy Kids Strategy.

[39] Waddell, C., Shepherd, C., Schwartz, C,. & Barican, J. (2014). Improving the mental health of BC's children and youth. Available from: http://childhealthpolicy.ca/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/14-06-17a-Waddell-Talk-2014.06.16.pdf.

[40] Tilleczek, K. (2016). Mental health in the middle years (Age 6 -12): Intersections and directions. Ontario, Canada: Ontario Ministry of Children and Youth Services.

[41] Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse. (2014). Childhood and Adolescent Pathways to Substance Use Disorders. - http://www.ccsa.ca/Resource%20Library/CCSA-Child-Adolescent-Substance-Use-Disorders-Report-2014-en.pdf.

[42] Tilleczek, K. (2016). Mental Health in the middle years (Age 6 -12): Intersections and directions. Ontario, Canada: Ontario Ministry of Children and Youth Services.

[43] Physical & Health Education Canada. Physical Literacy. Last accesses on June 18, 2017.

[44] ParticipACTION(2015). Kids need active play to grow into healthy, active adults.

[45] Middle Childhood Matters Coalition Toronto. http://www.middlechildhoodmatters.ca/reports/.

[46] Cairney, J., Kwan, M. Y., Velduizen, S., Hay, J., Bray, S. R., & Faught, B. E. (2012). Gender, perceived competence and the enjoyment of physical education in children: a longitudinal examination. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 9(1), 26. doi:10.1186/1479-5868-9-26

[47] Government of Canada (2006). The human face of mental health and mental illness in Canada. Ottawa: Minister of Public Works and Government Services Canada. Sited on CAMH website http://www.camh.ca/en/hospital/about_camh/newsroom/for_reporters/Pages/addictionmentalhealthstatistics.aspx.

[48] MacLeod, K.B., Herold, M. (2016, June) Mental health issues in child and youth development, second edition: Updates and focus on middle childhood. Ontario, Canada: Ontario Ministry of Children and Youth Services.

[49] Tilleczek, K. (2016). Mental health in the middle years (Age 6 -12): Intersections and directions. Ontario, Canada: Ontario Ministry of Children and Youth Services.

[50] Healey, G. K., Noah, J., & Mearns, C. (2016). The Eight Ujarait (Rocks) Model: Supporting Inuit Adolescent Mental Health With an Intervention Model Based on Inuit Ways of Knowing. International Journal of Indigenous Health, 11(1), 92-110.

[51] Children's Mental Health Ontario. (2001). Evidence Based Practices for Depression in Children and Adolescents.

[52] Tilleczek, K. (2016). Mental health in the middle years (Age 6 -12): Intersections and directions. Ontario, Canada: Ontario Ministry of Children and Youth Services.

[53] Merkel, D. L. (2013). Youth sport: positive and negative impact on young athletes. Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine, 4, 151–160. http://doi.org/10.2147/OAJSM.S33556

[54] Public Safety Canada and Media Smarts, 2017. Digital Citizenship : Guide for Parents. http://mediasmarts.ca/parents/digital-citizenship-guide-parents.

[55] Ibid.

[56] Centre for the Developing Child, Harvard University. Retrieved June 01, 2017, from http://developingchild.harvard.edu/science/key-concepts/resilience/

[57] National Scientific Council on the Developing Child. (2004). Young children develop in an environment of relationships. Harvard Centre for the Developing Child, Young Children Develop in an Environment of Relationships. Working Paper No. 1. Retrieved from http://www.developingchild.net.

[58] Freeman, J., King, M., & Pickett, W. (2014). Health Behaviours in School-Aged Children in Canada report: Focus on Relationships. Public Health Agency of Canada.

[59] Jenkins, J., & Keating, D. Risk and Resillience in Six-and Ten-Year-Old Children. Applied Research Branch Strategic Policy Human Resources Development Canada.

[60] Centre for the Developing Child, Harvard University. Intergenerational Mobility Project Retrieved June 01, 2017, from http://developingchild.harvard.edu/innovation-application/innovation-in-action/intergen-mobility-project/.

[61] Centre for Mental Health and Addictions. (2013).

[62] DuBois, D., and Silverthorn, N. (2005). Natural Mentoring Relationships and Adolescent Health. American Public Health Association. http://ajph.aphapublications.org/doi/abs/10.2105/AJPH.2003.031476.

[63] MENTOR. (2009). Elements of Effective Practice for Mentoring. 3rd edition. http://www.mentoring.org/downloads/mentoring_1222.pdf.

[64] Cairney J., & Streiner, D.L. (Eds.). (2010). Mental Disorders in Canada: an epidemiological perspective. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

[65] Statistics Canada. (2013). Ontario (Code 35) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013. http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed August 4, 2017).

[66] Statistics Canada. (2011). National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-014- X2011043.

[67] Ibid.

[68] Statistics Canada. (2013). Ontario (Code 35) (table). National Household Survey (NHS) Profile. 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE. Ottawa. Released September 11, 2013. http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed August 4, 2017).

[69] Tarasuk, V., Mitchell, A., & Dachner, N. (2013). Household food insecurity in Canada, 2011.Toronto: Research to identify policy options to reduce food insecurity (PROOF). Retrieved from http://proof.utoronto.ca/.

[70] Statistics Canada. (2011). National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-014- X2011043.

[71] Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation. (2009). Draft Aboriginal housing background paper. Accessed July 20th, 2017 [online]: http://www.aboriginalroundtable.ca/sect/hsng/bckpr/INAC_BgPaper_e.pdf.

[72] Tarasuk, V., Mitchell, A., & Dachner, N. (2013). Household food insecurity in Canada, 2011.Toronto: Research to identify policy options to reduce food insecurity (PROOF).Retrieved from http://proof.utoronto.ca/.

[73] Statistics Canada. (2011). National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-014- X2011043.

[74] Ibid.

[75] Steeves, V. (2014). Young Canadians in a Wired World, Phase III: Experts or Amateurs? Gauging Young Canadians' Digital Literacy Skills: MediaSmarts.

[76] MediaSmarts. (2016). What Every Parent Should Know About Screen Time: Expert Advice. http://mediasmarts.ca/blog/what-every-parent-should-know-about-screen-time-expert-advice.

[77] Ontario. (2016). Ontario's Strategy to End Human Trafficking.

[78] MediaSmarts. (2016). What Every Parent Should Know About Screen Time: Expert Advice. http://mediasmarts.ca/blog/what-every-parent-should-know-about-screen-time-expert-advice.

[79] Education Quality Accountability Office. (2015). Grade 3, Primary Division Assessments.

[80] Ontario, Ministry of Education. (2014). Achieving Excellence: A Renewed Vision for Education in Ontario. Publishing details http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/about/renewedVision.pdf.

[81] Ontario, Ministry of Education. (2013). Learning for All A Guide to Effective Assessment and Instruction for All Students, Kindergarten to Grade 12.

[82] Ontario Ministry of Children and Youth Services. (2017). On My Way: A Guide to Support Middle Years Child Development.

[83] Côté, J.E. (2016). The developmental pathways of self/identity and moral reasoning: Middle childhood through late adolescence. Ontario, Canada: Ontario Ministry of Children and Youth Services.

[84] Irvin, J. L., Meltzer, J., & Dukes, M. S. (2007). Taking action on adolescent literacy: an implementation guide for school leaders. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

[85] Kids Matter. (2017). Risk and Protective Factors: The Primary years. http://www.kidsmatter.edu.au/mental-health-matters/mental-health-basics-promoting-mental-health/risk-and-protective-factors.

[86] MacCharles, T. (2013). Services for Children and Youth with Special Needs in Ontario, and their Families: Opportunities for Improving their Experiences and Outcomes. Retrieved November 2015, from http://www.hpechildrenandyouth.ca/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/Special-Needs-Services-for-Children-and-Youth-with-Special-Needs-in-Ontario-and-their-Families-Tracy-McCharles-Report-March-2013.pdf.

[87] Community Foundations of Canada. (2015). VitalSigns; Belonging: Exploring Connection to Community. http://communityfoundations.ca/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/cfc_vitalsignsreport_oct05_FA_digital.pdf.

[88] Ross, N. (2002). Community belonging and health. Health Reports (Statistics Canada, Catalogue 82-003); Shields, M. (2008). Community belonging and self-perceived health. Health Reports (Statistics Canada, Catalogue 82-003). http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/82-229-x/2009001/envir/cob-eng.htm.

[89] Chiefs of Ontario and the Ontario First Nations Young Peoples Council. (2014) Submission for the Child and Family Services Act, Review 2014/15 and Aboriginal Children and Youth Strategy.

[90] Simard, E. (2017). Indigenous Wellbeing in the Middle Years. Ontario, Canada: The Institute for Culturally Restorative Practices, Inc.

[91] Simard, E., McNeil-Seymour, J., Simard F., (2016). Thematic of indigenous development: The middle years. Ontario, Canada: The Institute for Culturally Restorative Practices, Inc.

[92] Statistics Canada. (2011). National Household Survey, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 99-014- X2011043.

[93] Métis Nation of Ontario, the Ontario Federation of Indigenous Friendship Centres, and the Ontario Native Women's Association, A Collaborative Submission Regarding the Child and Family Services Act, 2014.

[94] Ibid.

[95] Healey, G. K., Noah, J., & Mearns, C. (2016). The Eight Ujarait (Rocks) Model: Supporting Inuit Adolescent Mental Health With an Intervention Model Based on Inuit Ways of Knowing. International Journal of Indigenous Health, 11(1), 92-110.

[96] Simard, E. (2017). Indigenous Wellbeing in the Middle Years: A Thematic Outline; The Institute for Culturally Restorative Practices, Inc.

[97] Tang, K., & Jardine, C. G. (2016). Our Way of Life: Importance of Indigenous Culture and Tradition to Physical Activity Practices. International Journal of Indigenous Health, 11(1), 211.

[98] Simard, E. (2017). Indigenous Wellbeing in the Middle Years: A Thematic Outline; The Institute for Culturally Restorative Practices, Inc.

[99] Ontario Federation of Indigenous Friendship Centres and Ontario Native Women's Association, Indigenous Women's Health, Healing and Wellness Framework and Outcome. Definitions of Indigenous Health and Wellbeing.

[100] Weaver, H.N. (2002). Perspectives on Wellness: Journeys on the Red Road, The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare. 29:1. Article 2.

[101] Simard, E. (2017). Indigenous Wellbeing in the Middle Years: A Thematic Outline. The Institute for Culturally Restorative Practices, Inc.

[102] Green, Brenda L. (2010). Culture is treatment. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing & Mental Health Services, 48(7), 27-34. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.3928/02793695-20100504-04.

[103] Rivas‐Drake, D., Seaton, E. K., Markstrom, C., Quintana, S., Syed, M., Lee, R., & Yip, T. (2014). Ethnic and racial identity in adolescence: Implications for psychosocial, academic, and health outcomes. Child Development, 85(1), 40-57.

[104] Simard, E. (2017). Indigenous Wellbeing in the Middle Years: A Thematic Outline; The Institute for Culturally Restorative Practices, Inc.

[105] Ibid.

[106] Chiefs of Ontario and the Ontario First Nations Young Peoples Council. (2014). Submission for the Child and Family Services Act, Review 2014/15 and Aboriginal Children and Youth Strategy.

[107] Ball, J. (2007). Aboriginal young children's language and literacy development: Research evaluating progress, promising practices, and needs. Manuscript prepared for the Canadian Language and Literacy Networked Centre of Excellence, National Literacy Strategy. Retrieved from http://www.ecdip.org.

[108] United Nations. (2008). United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Available: http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/unpfii/documents/DRIPS_en.pdf.

[109] Simard, E. (2017). Indigenous Wellbeing in the Middle Years: A Thematic Outline; The Institute for Culturally Restorative Practices, Inc.

[110] Trocmé, N., Knoke, D., Blackstock, C. (2004). Pathways to the Overrepresentation of Aboriginal Children in Canada's Child Welfare System. Social Service Review. 78:4., pp.577-600.

[111] Battiste, Marie. (2002). Indigenous Knowledge in Pedagogy in First Nations Education – A Lifetime Review with Recommendations, p.11.

[112] Simard, E. (2017). Indigenous Wellbeing in the Middle Years: A Thematic Outline; The Institute for Culturally Restorative Practices, Inc.