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Review of the Roots of Youth Violence

Volume 1, Appendix 2:

List of Contributors


During the Review of the Roots of Youth Violence, the Co-Chairs and review staff met with an estimated 750 organization representatives and other individuals. Some made more than one presentation, participated in more than one meeting, or submitted a written brief. The following lists reflect the major components of our consultations.

Organizations That Met with the Co-Chairs, Review Staff or Both

(Delegations ranged from one to a dozen or more individuals.)

African-Canadian Christian Network
African Canadian Legal Aid Clinic
Association of Ontario Health Centres
Becoming Achievers
Big Brothers, Big Sisters
Black Action Defence League
Black Business &Professional Association
Black Daddies Club
Black Youth Helpline
Boreal Institute, University of Toronto
Boys and Girls Clubs of Canada
Broad African Resources Centre
Canadian Tamil Congress
Canadian Tamil Youth Development Centre
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
Child Development Institute
Children’s Mental Health Ontario
Coalition of African Canadian Organizations
Colleges Ontario
Consul General of Grenada and The Grenadines, Jenny Gumbs
Consul General of Jamaica, Anne Marie Bonner
Council of Agencies Serving South Asians
Crown Prosecutor, Jamaica, Pearnel Charles Jr.
DreamNow
Enable Solutions
Frontier College
Grassroots Youth Collaborative
Foster Terrace After School Program
Heritage Canada
Jamaican Canadian Association
Jane/Finch Community and Family Centre
John Howard Society
Keeping People Housed
Kinark Foundation
Laidlaw Foundation
Malvern Rouge Valley Youth Services
Minister of Labour, Jamaica, Hon. Pearnel Charles Sr.
National Crime Prevention Centre
Office of the Fairness Commissioner
Office of the Provincial Advocate for Children and Youth
Ontario Association of Chiefs of Police
Ontario Human Rights Commission
Ontario Multifaith Council
Ontario Police College
Ontario Principals’ Council
Ontario Provincial Police
Ontario Public School Boards’ Association
Operation Springboard
Ontario Teachers’ Federation
Pathways to Education
Prime Minister, Jamaica, Hon. Bruce Golding
Provincial Advocate for Children and Youth
Remix Project
Roots of Empathy
School Community Safety Advisory Panel
Sistering
South Asian Legal Clinic of Ontario
SPACE Coalition
Students Commission
Student Vote
Syl Apps Youth and Secure Treatment Centre
Toronto Catholic District School Board
Toronto Community Housing
Toronto District School Board
Toronto Police Service
Toronto Police Services Board
Toronto Supportive Boarding and Rooming House Association
Toronto Youth Cabinet
Tropicana
United Way Toronto
Violence as a Public Health Issue Network
YMCA
York Regional Police
York University
Youth Challenge Fund

Individuals who Met with the Co-Chairs, Review Staff or Both

Bromley Armstrong
Kehinde Bah
Courtney Betty
Rose Bongolan
Dr. Gina Browne
Michael Chettleburgh
Andy Copp
Dr. Wendy Craig
David Crombie
Dr. Rose Dyson
Neil Edwards
Judy Finlay
Dr. David Hulchanski
Dr. Carl James
Dr. Tamari Kitossa
Dr. Erica Lawson
Deana Malcolm
Sean Mauricette aka “Subliminal”
Paul Musembwa
Dr. Fraser Mustard
Janet Nelson
Dr. Charles Pascal
Dr. Debra Pepler
Alan Riddell
Charles Simon
Charles Spence
Jerome Sylvan
Ester Symonds
Ryan Teschner
Insp. Rick Wills
Trevor Wilson

Neighbourhood Insight Sessions

Organizers estimate that more than 400 people contributed to the Neighbourhood Insight Sessions, with an average of 20 representatives of the larger community attending each of the eight meetings with the Co-Chairs. For a list of participants, see the Final Report, Neighbourhood Insight Sessions, reproduced in Volume 3.

Hamilton Insight Session
Jamestown Insight Session
Jane-Finch Insight Session
Kingston-Galloway Insight Session
Kitchener-Waterloo Insight Session
L’Amoreaux Insight Session
Ottawa Insight Session
Thunder Bay Insight Session

Other Community Meetings

Meetings marked with an asterisk were held in conjunction with the Neighbourhood Insight Sessions.

Brookside Youth Facility
City of Thunder Bay *
City of Toronto
Ottawa Youth Justice Services Network*
Ottawa Civic Officials*
Peel Region Youth Violence Prevention Initiative
Rathburn Area Youth Project, Etobicoke
Thunder Bay Education Officials*
Urban Aboriginal Youth
Windsor Civic Officials
Youth Challenge Fund Marketplace

Other Consultations

The review also sponsored two forums: one in cooperation with Legal Aid Ontario to explore legal aid issues, and one in cooperation with Ryerson University to discuss ways post-secondary institutions might better engage with their surrounding communities.

Legal Aid Forum, February 6, 2008

Aboriginal Legal Services of Toronto
African Canadian Legal Clinic
Community Legal Education Ontario
Justice for Children and Youth
Legal Aid Ontario
Metro Toronto Chinese & Southeast Asian Legal Clinic

University and Colleges Collaboration Forum, March 11, 2008

Those attending this forum included presidents, vice-presidents and other senior officials from community colleges and universities; executive directors and staff of neighbourhood, social services, funding agencies and frontline programs; and senior administrators from the City of Toronto.

Access Alliance
African Canadian Heritage Association
Breaking the Cycle
Centennial College
City of Toronto Recreation
Community Social Planning Council of Toronto
Durham College
East Metro Youth Services
East Scarborough Storefront
George Brown College
Humber College Institute of Technology & Advanced Learning
Jane/Finch Community and Family Centre
Lawrence Heights Community Health Centre
Ministry of Training, Colleges and Universities
Ontario Justice Education Network
Pathways to Education Canada
Rexdale Community Health Centre
Ryerson University
St. Christopher House
Seneca College
Sheridan Institute of Technology and Advanced Learning
The Learning Partnership
Toronto Community Housing
Toronto Public Health
Toronto Public Library
Tropicana Community Services
University of Toronto
U of T Scarborough
York University
YMCA of Greater Toronto

Written Submissions (Organizations and Individuals)

African Canadian Heritage Association
ArtReach Toronto
John Belfon
Lorenzo Berardinetti, MPP, Scarborough Southwest
Boys and Girls Clubs of Canada
Kalemah Campbell
Central Toronto Youth Services
Chess Institute of Canada
Rev. David Chisling
Olivia Chow, MP, Trinity-Spadina
Antoine Coote
Crime Prevention Ottawa
Hon. Roy Cullen, MP, Etobicoke North
Bill Day
Bob Delaney, MPP, Mississauga Streetsville
Rick Dykstra, MP, St. Catharines
East Metro Youth Services
Family Counselling Centre
Hon. John Godfrey, MP, Don Valley West
Gary Goodyear, MP, Cambridge
Spanna Guevara
Dr. Helena Jaczek, MPP, Oak Ridges-Markham
John Howard Society of Canada
Senator Michael Kirby
Laidlaw Foundation
Learning Disabilities Association of Ontario
Lori Lukinuk
Mattawa and Area Youth Centre
Hon. John McKay, MP, Scarborough Guildwood
Hon. Madeleine Meilleur, MPP, Ottawa-Vanier
Anne Moloney
Margaret and Lawrence Nelson
New Democratic Party of Canada, Ontario Caucus
Hon. Rob Nicholson, Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada
Gary Norris
Ontario Association of Social Workers, Eastern Branch
Ontario Bar Association
Ontario Coalition for Mandatory Parenting Education
Ontario Federation of Indian Friendship Centres
Ontario Human Rights Commission
Ontario Public Health Association
Ontario School Counsellors’ Association
Parks and Recreation Ontario
Peacebuilders International (Canada)
Play Works
Region of Peel
Lou Rinaldi, MPP, Northumberland-Quinte West
St. Leonard’s Community Services
Liz Sandals, MPP, Guelph
Hon. Judy Sgro, MP, York West
Catherine Soplet
Michael Thompson, Toronto City Councillor
Toronto City Summit Alliance
Urban Music Association of Canada
Women’s Health in Women’s Hands
YWCA Toronto

Government of Ontario

The Co-Chairs appreciate the assistance they received from Ontario government ministries at different times during the review process. The following papers were provided to the review as part of its research initiative:

Ministry of Children and Youth Services, Mentoring and Violence Prevention/Intervention: Promising Practices for Program Development with Children and Youth

Ministry of Children and Youth Services, The Roots of Violence: Evidence from the Literature with Emphasis on Child and Youth Mental Health Disorder

Ministry of Citizenship, Research Paper on Immigration Settlement Programs

Ministry of Community and Social Services, Role of Social Services in Mitigating Youth Violence

Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services, Youth Gun and Gang Violence

Ministry of Culture and Ministry of Health Promotion Strategies for Youth Engagement in the Arts, Sports, Recreation and Leadership

Ministry of Education, Roots of Youth Violence: Ministry of Education Background Paper

Ministry of Health Promotion, Addressing Youth Violence Through a Health Promotion Lens

Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing, The Impact of Urban Design and Infrastructure on Youth Violence

Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing, Youth Violence, the UK’s Neighbourhood Regeneration Strategy and Housing

In addition, the Co-Chairs and secretariat staff met at various times with representatives of the following ministries:

Cabinet Office
Ministry of Aboriginal Affairs
Ministry of the Attorney General
Ministry of Children and Youth Services
Ministry of Citizenship and Immigration
Ministry of Community and Social Services
Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services
Ministry of Culture
Ministry of Economic Development and Trade
Ministry of Education
Ministry of Finance
Ministry of Government and Consumer Services
Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care
Ministry of Health Promotion
Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing
Ministry of Public Infrastructure Renewal

Commissioned Research Papers

(Authors marked with an asterisk met with the Co-Chairs to discuss their work.)

Tullio Caputo*, Michel Vallée*, A Comparative Analysis of Youth Justice Approaches

Anthony N. Doob*, Jane B. Sprott, Cheryl Marie Webster, Understanding Youth Crime: The Impact of Law Enforcement Approaches on the Incidence of Violent Crime Involving Youth and Matters Related to Understanding the Implications of these Findings

Desmond Ellis*, A Methodology to Identify Communities in Ontario Where High or Increasing Relative Disadvantage May Lead to Youth Violence

Rinaldo Walcott*, Cecil Foster, Mark Campbell, David Sealy, Racial Minority Perspectives on Violence

Scot Wortley**, Province at the Crossroads: Statistics on Youth Violence in Ontario

** Dr. Scot Wortley, associate professor, Centre of Criminology, University of Toronto, was the review team’s lead researcher

United Kingdom Visit

The Co-Chairs and representatives from the City of Toronto and United Way Toronto, the two partners in the review, visited the United Kingdom from April 5 to 12, 2008. Thanks largely to the assistance of James R. Wright, High Commissioner for Canada, they met with government and civic officials who have been instrumental in Britain’s struggle with social exclusion, community development and violence involving youth.

Organizations that met with the Co-Chairs:

Cabinet Office, Home Affairs Team, Strategy Unit
Department for Children, Schools and Families
Department of Communities and Local Government
Equality and Human Rights Commission
Home Office Anti-Social Behaviour and Crime Prevention Unit
Institute for Public Policy Research
Metropolitan Police Service, New Scotland Yard
Nacro, the crime reduction charity
Social Exclusion Task Force
Tower Hamlets Partnership
Youth Justice Board

Individuals the Co-Chairs met:

Mike Ainsworth, RCJU, OCJR, Home Office
Rachel Cerfontyne
Jeremy Crook, OBE
Jennifer Francis
Laurie Ince
Dame Mavis McDonald, DCB
Alan Riddell
Matthew Scott
Lord Andrew Turnbull, KCB, CVO
Claire Tyler
Julia Wolton, Youth Worker


Contents

Volume 1. Findings, Analysis and Conclusions

Volume 2. Executive Summary

Volume 3. Community Perspectives Report

Volume 4. Research Papers

Volume 5. Literature Reviews