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Review of the Roots of Youth Violence

Volume 1, Appendix 5:

OnLine Survey Questions


Potential Root Causes of Youth Violence

Please consider the following list and for each item tell us whether you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree that it is a potential cause of violence involving youth. You may also indicate that you have no opinion about an item.

1. Poverty
strongly agree
somewhat agree
somewhat disagree
strongly disagree
no opinion

2. Racism
strongly agree
somewhat agree
somewhat disagree
strongly disagree
no opinion

3. Inadequate housing
strongly agree
somewhat agree
somewhat disagree
strongly disagree
no opinion

4. Too lenient laws involving young people
strongly agree
somewhat agree
somewhat disagree
strongly disagree
no opinion

5. Lack of educational opportunitiess
strongly agree
somewhat agree
somewhat disagree
strongly disagree
no opinion

6. Lack of employment opportunities
strongly agree
somewhat agree
somewhat disagree
strongly disagree
no opinion

7. Pressure from friends to join gangs
strongly agree
somewhat agree
somewhat disagree
strongly disagree
no opinion

8. No positive role models at home
strongly agree
somewhat agree
somewhat disagree
strongly disagree
no opinion

9. Lack of recreation/sports/arts facilities/programs
strongly agree
somewhat agree
somewhat disagree
strongly disagree
no opinion

10. Too lenient sentencing by the Courts
strongly agree
somewhat agree
somewhat disagree
strongly disagree
no opinion

11. Violence portrayed in the entertainment and news media
strongly agree
somewhat agree
somewhat disagree
strongly disagree
no opinion

Are there other factors that you consider to be important root causes of youth violence? If so, please list them below:

The Impact of Violence Involving Youth in Your Neighbourhood

We would like your opinion about the impact that violence involving youth has had in your neighbourhood. Please indicate whether you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree with each of the following statements. You may also indicate that you have no opinion about an item.

12. There is more violence involving youth in my neighbourhood now than there was five years ago.
strongly agree
somewhat agree
somewhat disagree
strongly disagree
no opinion

13. I am concerned about violence involving youth in my neighbourhood.
strongly agree
somewhat agree
somewhat disagree
strongly disagree
no opinion

14. Schools in my area are generally safe.
strongly agree
somewhat agree
somewhat disagree
strongly disagree
no opinion

Solutions: What’s Working, What’s Not

Now, we’d like to consider programs that you feel are helping to reduce violence involving youth in your neighbourhood. Please indicate whether you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree with each of the following statements. You may also indicate that you have no opinion about an item.

15. Current programs offered by the government help at-risk youth and are making our communities safer.
strongly agree
somewhat agree
somewhat disagree
strongly disagree
no opinion

16. My community offers programs for youth apart from government programs (e.g., United Way, faith-based programs, private).
strongly agree
somewhat agree
somewhat disagree
strongly disagree
no opinion

17. Youth in my area have enough employment opportunities.
strongly agree
somewhat agree
somewhat disagree
strongly disagree
no opinion

18. Youth in my area have enough educational opportunities.
strongly agree
somewhat agree
somewhat disagree
strongly disagree
no opinion

19. Youth in my area have enough recreational opportunities.
strongly agree
somewhat agree
somewhat disagree
strongly disagree
no opinion

20. Youth in my area benefit from programs designed to prevent violence.
strongly agree
somewhat agree
somewhat disagree
strongly disagree
no opinion

The Role of Police and Courts

What, in your opinion, is the role of the police and the Courts in reducing violence involving youth in your neighbourhood. Please indicate whether you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree with each of the following statements. You may also indicate that you have no opinion about an item.

21. More police officers in our neighbourhood would reduce violence involving youth.
strongly agree
somewhat agree
somewhat disagree
strongly disagree
no opinion


22. Police could reduce violence involving youth by visiting schools more often.
strongly agree
somewhat agree
somewhat disagree
strongly disagree
no opinion


23. Police should refer young people to social programs instead of arresting them.
strongly agree
somewhat agree
somewhat disagree
strongly disagree
no opinion


24. Courts could reduce violence involving youth by handing down longer sentences.
strongly agree
somewhat agree
somewhat disagree
strongly disagree
no opinion


The Role of Government

What, in your opinion, is the role of government (federal, provincial or municipal) in reducing violence involving youth in your neighbourhood. Please indicate whether you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree with each of the following statements. You may also indicate that you have no opinion about an item.

25. Government should pass tougher laws that would provide longer sentences for young offenders.
strongly agree
somewhat agree
somewhat disagree
strongly disagree
no opinion


26. Governments should create employment and educational opportunities to address some of the main causes of youth violence.
strongly agree
somewhat agree
somewhat disagree
strongly disagree
no opinion


27. Governments should raise taxes to pay for programs that would be aimed at reducing violence involving youth, including providing more police officers, more Courts and more prisons.
strongly agree
somewhat agree
somewhat disagree
strongly disagree
no opinion


28. Governments should raise taxes to pay for programs that would be aimed at reducing violence involving youth, like more social workers, support for working mothers, and more rehabilitation opportunities.
strongly agree
somewhat agree
somewhat disagree
strongly disagree
no opinion


29. Improving coordination among governments would help with the planning and delivery of programs for youth.
strongly agree
somewhat agree
somewhat disagree
strongly disagree
no opinion


Role of Youth

What, in your opinion, is the role youth should play in designing strategies and programs to reduce violence involving youth in your neighbourhood. Please indicate whether you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree with each of the following statements. You may also indicate that you have no opinion about an item.

30. Youth in my area help develop programs designed for them.
strongly agree
somewhat agree
somewhat disagree
strongly disagree
no opinion


31. Youth programs in my area are effectively monitored and developed on an ongoing basis.
strongly agree
somewhat agree
somewhat disagree
strongly disagree
no opinion


32. Youth in my area are positively engaged in community activities.
strongly agree
somewhat agree
somewhat disagree
strongly disagree
no opinion


Final Thoughts

Are there any other comments or ideas you would like to present to the Review of the Roots of Youth Violence, or any recommendations you believe the Review should make to the Premier?

About You

Any personal information you choose to provide is collected in compliance with section 38(2) of the Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act. Your information may be used to contact you regarding your comments but will not be released to any third party except with your permission.

The following information is for statistical use only.

Please provide the first three letters of your postal code ____ ____ ____

Please indicate your age:

Under 10 ___10 to 18 ___

19 to 28 ___ 29 to 36 ___

37 to 50 ___ 51-65 ___

Over 65 ___





What is the highest level of education you completed?

Still a high school student ___

Still a student in college/university___

Less than Grade 12 ___ Grade 12 ___

Graduated from college/university___

Graduate/Professional degree ___

Thank you for completing this survey


Contents

Volume 1. Findings, Analysis and Conclusions

Volume 2. Executive Summary

Volume 3. Community Perspectives Report

Volume 4. Research Papers

Volume 5. Literature Reviews