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Endnotes

[1] Institute for Work & Health: http://iwh.on.ca.

[2] Live Safe! Work Smart! "Young Worker Health and Safety: Fast Facts from the Institute for Work & Health,” last modified February 3, 2016, http://www.livesafeworksmart.net/english/fast_facts/index.htm.

[3] Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Sport, “Ontario Launches First Culture Strategy,” news release, July 20, 2016, https://news.ontario.ca/mtc/en/2016/7/ontario-launches-first-culture-strategy.html.

[4] Ministry of Citizenship and Immigration, “Ontario Continuing to Welcome and Support Syrian Refugees,” news release, December 6, 2016, https://news.ontario.ca/mci/en/2016/12/ontario-continuing-to-welcome-and-support-syrian-refugees.html?_ga=1.119167817.139990103.1441905590.

[5] Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, “Ontario Expanding HPV Vaccine Program to Include Boys,” news release, April 21, 2016, https://news.ontario.ca/mohltc/en/2016/04/ontario-expanding-hpv-vaccine-program-to-include-boys.html?utm_source=digest&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=o.

[6] Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, Immunization 2020: Modernizing Ontario’s Publicly Funded Immunization Program (n.p.: Queen’s Printer for Ontario, 2015), http://www.health.gov.on.ca/en/common/ministry/publications/reports/immunization_2020/immunization_2020_report.pdf.

[7] Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, “Ontario Taking Further Steps to Protect People from Second-Hand Smoke and Vapour,” news release, March 10, 2016, https://news.ontario.ca/mohltc/en/2016/03/ontario-taking-further-steps-to-protect-people-from-second-hand-smoke-and-vapour.html.

[8] Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, “Ontario Expands Free Dental Care for Eligible Children and Youth,” news release, April 26, 2016, https://news.ontario.ca/mohltc/en/2016/04/ontario-expands-free-dental-care-for-eligible-children-and-youth.html.

[9] Office of the Premier, “High School Graduation Rate Reaches All-Time High of 85.5 Per Cent,” news release, May 3, 2016, https://news.ontario.ca/opo/en/2016/05/high-school-graduation-rate-reaches-all-time-high-of-855-per-cent.html?_ga=1.13781557.308115482.1429203335.

[10] Ibid.

[11] Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development, “Ontario Launches New Youth Jobs Program in Time for Summer,” news release, April 4, 2016, https://news.ontario.ca/maesd/en/2016/04/ontario-launches-new-youth-jobs-program-in-time-for-summer.html.

[12] Ministry of Northern Development and Mines, “Ontario Providing Mineral Exploration Assistance and Training,” news release, May 24, 2016, https://news.ontario.ca/mndmf/en/2016/05/ontario-providing-mineral-exploration-assistance-and-training.html?utm_source=digest&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=o.

[13] Ministry of Labour, “Ontario Taking Action to Protect Young Workers,” news release, May 27, 2016, https://news.ontario.ca/mol/en/2016/05/ontario-taking-action-to-protect-young-workers.html?utm_source=digest&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=o.

[14] Institute for Work & Health: http://www.iwh.on.ca./vulnerable-workers.

[15] Ibid.

[16] S. Perrault, Criminal Victimization and Health: A Profile of Victimizations among Persons with Activity Limitations or Other Health Problems (Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2010), 8.

[17] Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Sport, “Ontario Launches First Culture Strategy,” news release, July 20, 2016, https://news.ontario.ca/mtc/en/2016/7/ontario-launches-first-culture-strategy.html.

[18] Ministry of Citizenship and Immigration, “Ontario Continuing to Welcome and Support Syrian Refugees,” news release, December 6, 2016, https://news.ontario.ca/mci/en/2016/12/ontario-continuing-to-welcome-and-support-syrian-refugees.html?_ga=1.119167817.139990103.1441905590.

[19] M. A. Brennan, M. A., and R. V. Barnett, “Bridging Community and Youth Development: Exploring Theory, Research, and Application,” Community Development 40 (2009): 305–10; M. A. Brennan, R. V. Barnett, and E. Baugh, “Youth Involvement in Community Development: Implications and Possibilities for Extension,” Journal of Extension 45, no. 4 (2007): 203–13; M. A. Brennan, R. V. Barnett, and B. McGrath, “The Intersection of Youth and Community Development in Ireland and Florida: Building Stronger Communities through Youth Civic Engagement,” Community Development 40 (2009): 331–45. See also “The Positive Effects of Youth Community Engagement,” Texas State: Texas School Safety Center, https://txssc.txstate.edu/topics/youth-leadership/articles/positive-effects-of-youth-engagement.

[20] Play Works, “2017 Youth Friendly Community Recreation Program Application,” http://playworkspartnership.ca/sites/default/files/file/YouthFriendlyApplicationForm.pdf.

[21] Ministry of Community and Social Services, “New Housing Project in Durham, Leeds and Grenville Receives Provincial Funding,” news release, November 20, 2015, https://news.ontario.ca/mcss/en/2015/11/new-housing-project-in-durham-leeds-and-grenville-receives-provincial-funding.html?utm_source=digest&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=o.

[22] Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry, “Ontario Provincial Parks Open for 2016 Season,” news release, May 9, 2016, https://news.ontario.ca/mnr/en/2016/05/ontario-provincial-parks-open-for-2016-season.html.

[23] Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Sport, “Ontario Launches Sport Plan to Help Athletes Excel,” news release, November 24, 2015, https://news.ontario.ca/mtc/en/2015/11/ontario-launches-sport-plan-to-help-athletes-excel.html.

[24] T. J. Cole et al., “Establishing a Standard Definition for Child Overweight and Obesity Worldwide: International Survey,” British Medical Journal 320, no. 7244 (2000): 1240. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC27365.

[25] Statistics Canada, Table 105-0503 Health Indicator Profile, Age-Standardized Rate, Annual Estimates, by Sex, Canada, Provinces and Territories, CANSIM (database), last modified June 17, 2015, http://www5.statcan.gc.ca/cansim/a26?lang=eng&retrLang=eng&id=1050503&&pattern=&stByVal=1&p1=1&p2=-1&tabMode=dataTable&csid=.

[26] Ibid.

[27] Ibid.

[28] Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, “2015 Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey,” accessed July 2016, http://www.camh.ca/en/research/news_and_publications/ontario-student-drug-use-and-health-survey/Pages/default.aspx.

[29] Ibid.

[30] Ibid.

[31] Ibid.

[32] Ibid.

[33] Ibid.

[34] Statistics Canada, Table 105-0503 Health Indicator Profile, Age-Standardized Rate, Annual Estimates, by Sex, Canada, Provinces and Territories, CANSIM (database), last modified June 17, 2015, http://www5.statcan.gc.ca/cansim/a26?lang=eng&retrLang=eng&id=1050503&&pattern=&stByVal=1&p1=1&p2=-1&tabMode=dataTable&csid=.

[35] Ibid.

[36] J. Freeman, M. King, and W. Pickett, Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children in Canada: Focus on Relationships (Ottawa: Public Health Agency, 2015), http://healthycanadians.gc.ca/publications/science-research-sciences-recherches/health-behaviour-children-canada-2015-comportements-sante-jeunes/index-eng.php.

[37] Ibid.

[38] Ibid.

[39] Council of Ministers of Education, Canada, Measuring up: Canadian Results of the OECD PISA Study – The Performance of Canada’s Youth in Science, Reading and Mathematics, December 5, 2016, http://cmec.ca/Publications/Lists/Publications/Attachments/365/Book_PISA2015_EN_Dec5.pdf.

[40] Statistics Canada, Table 282-0209 Labour Force Survey Estimates (LFS), by Educational Degree, Sex and Age Group, Annual (Persons Unless Otherwise Noted), CANSIM (database), last modified January 6, 2017, http://www5.statcan.gc.ca/cansim/a26?lang=eng&retrLang=eng&id=2820209&&pattern=&stByVal=1&p1=1&p2=35&tabMode=dataTable&csid=.

[41] Ibid.

[42] Ibid.

[43] Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development, University Employment Outcomes, Graduation and Student Loan Default Rates, last modified May 2, 2017, http://www.iaccess.gov.on.ca/OsapRatesWeb/enterapp/home.xhtml.

[44] Statistics Canada, Table 105-0503 Health indicator profile, age-standardized rate, annual estimates, by sex, Canada, provinces and territories, last modified June 17, 2015, http://www5.statcan.gc.ca/cansim/a26?lang=eng&retrLang=eng&id=1050503&&pattern=&stByVal=1&p1=1&p2=-1&tabMode=dataTable&csid=.

[45] Ontario Student Trustees’ Association-l’Association des élèves conseillers et conseillères de l’Ontario, OSTA-AECO 2011 Student & Parent Survey Analysis & Results (Toronto: n.p., 2011), http://www.peopleforeducation.ca/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/OSTA-P4E-Student-Parent-Survey-Final-Report.pdf.

[46] Ontario Student Trustees' Association-l'Association des élèves conseillers et conseillères de l'Ontario, “2012 Ontario Student, Parent & Educator Survey,” accessed March 24, 2017, http://www.studentsurvey.ca/osta_media/reports/2012_ospes_report.pdf.

 

[47] J. Freeman, M. King, and W. Pickett, Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children in Canada: Focus on Relationships (Ottawa: Public Health Agency, 2015), http://healthycanadians.gc.ca/publications/science-research-sciences-recherches/health-behaviour-children-canada-2015-comportements-sante-jeunes/index-eng.php.

[48] Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, “2015 Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey,” accessed July 2016, http://www.camh.ca/en/research/news_and_publications/ontario-student-drug-use-and-health-survey/Pages/default.aspx.

[49] Ibid.

[50] Ibid.

[51] Statistics Canada, Table 116-0006. General social survey, perception of job being done by local police in regard to treating people fairly, by sex, population aged 15 and over, last modified January 27, 2016, http://www5.statcan.gc.ca/cansim/a26?lang=eng&retrLang=eng&id=1160006&&pattern=&stByVal=1&p1=1&p2=-1&tabMode=dataTable&csid=.

[52] Elections Canada, Voter turnout by sex and age, last modified June 16, 2016, http://www.elections.ca/content.aspx?section=res&dir=rec/eval/pes2015/vtsa&document=table2&lang=e.

[53] Statistics Canada, General Social Survey: Giving, volunteering and participating: Public use microdata file, 2013, last modified November 12, 2015, http://www.statcan.gc.ca/daily-quotidien/151112/dq151112d-eng.htm.

[54] Ibid.

[55] Ibid.

[56] Ibid.

[57] Ibid.

[58] Ibid.

[59] J. Freeman, M. King, and W. Pickett, Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children in Canada: Focus on Relationships (Ottawa: Public Health Agency, 2015), http://healthycanadians.gc.ca/publications/science-research-sciences-recherches/health-behaviour-children-canada-2015-comportements-sante-jeunes/index-eng.php.



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